Vol. 2: A 804 usque ad 1077

804_PR

Regestum

The Plea of Rižana (Placitum Rizianense): The representatives of Istrian towns and cities present their grievances to counts Aio and Cadulus, the envoys of the Roman emperor Charlesmagne, in an official placitum held by the river Rižana in the district of Koper.

Date
804

814_LPF

Regestum

Emperor Louis the Pious promises to Patriarch Fortunatus II and to all the Istrians that their right to elect their own patriarchs, bishops, abbots, tribunes, and other officials will be respected and that the rulings of the judicial assembly (placitum) held by Rižana will be upheld.

Date
Between 814 and 821; customarily dated to 815.

826_LPE

Regestum

Emperor Louis the Pious and his son Lothair write to Venerio, the patriarch of Grado, confirming the possessions of his Church, including the Patriarchate's jurisdictions in Istria.

Date
826

827_SM

Regestum

The decrees of the Synod of Mantua: the long conflict between the patriarchs of Grado and Aquileia over the metropolitan jurisdiction over Istrian bishoprics is settled in favor of the Aquileian Church.

Date
6th of June, 827
Place

828_ARF

Regestum

Emperor Louis the Pious deposes several marcher officials – including Baldric, the duke of Friuli – from their offices due to their military impotence. As a result of Baldric’s deposition, the March of Friuli – which included Istria – is divided into four counties governed by their respective counts.

Date
February of 828
Place

832_LPA

Regestum

Emperor Lothair I confirms the immunities enjoyed by the Church of Aquileia and its right to canonically elect their patriarchs.

Date
30th of November, 832
Place

840_PL

Regestum

The first pact between the Western Roman Empire, represented by Emperor Lothair I, and the Duchy of Venice, represented by Doge Pietro Tradonico, sanctioning mutual aid in campaigns against the Slavs and defining the rights over the use of land as well as the modalities of justice administration. This is the first "international" treaty in which Venice partook as an autonomous polity, independent of the Byzantine Empire.

Date
23rd of February, 840
Place

844_CA

Regestum

A poem composed in response to the Synod of Mantua (6th of June, 827), arguing that Aquileia, the old metropolitan see of the ecclesiastical province Venetia et Histria, was so thoroughly destroyed by barbarians (Attila, the Avars, Lombards and Goths) that it was never rebuilt; thus, the metropolitan see transferred to "the Venetians" and Aquileia was demoted to a status of a mere parish.

Date
c. 850 (between 844 and 855)

847_MARU

Regestum

The last will and testament of a woman from Trieste calling herself "Maru, the handmaiden of God" (Maru ancilla Dei).

Date
26th of April, 847 (most probably) or 849 (less probably)

852_LMD

Regestum

Emperor Louis II assumes under his protection the monastery of St. Michael in Diliano and its abbot Felmo, bestowing upon the monastery immunities and the right of free election of its abbots.

Date
17th of November, 852
Place

855_LPA

Regestum

Emperor Louis II confirms the charter of Lothair I to the Patriarchate of Aquileia regarding the dispute with the Patriarchate of Grado that was settled at the Synod of Mantua in 827: the patriarchs of Aquileia are to enjoy the metropolitan jurisdiction over all the Istrian bishoprics.

Date
30th of October, 855
Place

857_LMD

Regestum

Emperor Louis II confirms to St. Michael's monastery in Diliano and abbot Felmo the right to have two lay advocates - the brothers Petronasius and Talasius - to defend their rights.

Date
3rd of April, 857
Place

911_BT

Regestum

King Berengar I donates two forts, the Vermes (Beram in Istria ?), to the Bishopric of Trieste (10th- or 11th-century forgery).

Date
27th of June, 911 or 914
Place

929_HT

Regestum

King Hugo donates Sipar, Umag and Monfalcone to Radald, the bishop of Trieste, and places the Bishopric of Trieste under his royal protection; forged charter.

Date
7th of August, 929
Place

931_MA

Regestum

Hugh of Arles and his son Lothair II, kings of Italy, donate Muggia to the Patriarchate of Aquileia.

Date
17th of October, 931
Place

952_OMA

Regestum

After having invaded and conquered Italy, King Otto I convokes a diet in Augsburg whereby he bestowed upon the defeated Berengar II and his son Adalbert the Kingdom of Italy, albeit somewhat reduced: the marches of Verona and Aquileia were ripped off from Italy and appended to the Duchy of Bavaria, governed by Otto's brother Henry. Since Istria formed part of the "March of Aquileia" (i. e. Friuli), this event marks the beginning of a new chapter of Istrian history.

Date
August of 952
Place

952_DAI

Regestum

The eastern borders of the province of Istria (and the Kingdom of Italy / Holy Roman Empire) according to the 10th-century work customarily titled De administrando imperio and ascribed to Eastern Roman Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus.

Date
Customarily dated to a period between 948 and 952; however, chapter 30, which contains the brief description of the eastern borders of Istria hereby edited, is a later addition, written by an anonymous author and inserted to “correct” the historical narrative featured in chaps. 29 and 31; the composition of chapter 30 is dated to the second half of the 10th century, most probably during the age of Croatian King Stephen Držislav (969–997).

965_RP

Regestum

Patriarch Rodoald donates Rovinj, a land that was destroyed by the "abominable Slavs", to the Bishopric of Poreč. Forged charter.

Date
20th of January, 965 (according to indiction) or 966.
Place

970_SE

Regestum

Excerpts from the family chronicle of the counts of Sempt-Ebersberg regarding Ulrich I, the count of the march of Carniola; his heirs Adalbero II, Eberhard II and Williburga II; and Hademoud II, the daughter of Williburga II and the only surviving direct heir of House Sempt-Ebersberg. Hademoud II would marry Poppo II of Weimar-Orlamünde with whom she would have Ulrich I, the first margrave of Istria.

Date
c. 970 to c. 1045 (written in the second half of the 11th century)
Place

973_MC

Regestum

Otto II, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, donates properties in the March of Carniola to Abraham, the bishop of Freising.

Date
30th of June, 973
Place

991_CW

Regestum

A public placitum held in front of the Istrian count Werihen whereby the dispute between the Bishopric of Poreč, represented by Bishop Andrew, and a Bertha, a widow of a Cadoloh, regarding the latter's fiscal obligations towards the Church of Poreč (herbatico and glandatico) is judged in Bertha's favor.

Date
5th of October, 991

996_OA

Regestum

Emperor Otto III confirms the donation of six bishoprics to the Patriarchate of Aquileia issued by Charlemagne and donates three abbeys to the same Church.

Date
26th of June, 996
Place

1010_PP

Regestum

Pope Sergius IV confirms the jurisdictions of the bishops of Poreč over Rovinj, Dvigrad, and Bale that were disputed by the Aquileian patriarch John.

Date
March 1010
Place