Communia Istrie

Communia vulgo denominantur civitates seu castra quae a commune cum potestatibus forensibus continue electis seu designatis una cum consiliis communalibus gubernata sunt. Ista definitio hic quoque asciscitur.

Nota quod communia Istrie numquam omnino libera erunt, sed semper aliquem superiorem recognoscentes qui designabat eorum potestates seu electiones eorum confirmabat et qui iurisdictionem appelationis exercebat.

Ista communia illa sunt:

Commune castri Muglae

Commune civitatis Iustinopolis

Commune castri Isolae

Commune castri Pirani

Commune castri Pinguenti

Commune castri Portularum

Commune castri Bullearum

Commune castri Grisignanae

Commune castri Humagi

Commune civitatis Civitatis Novae alias Emonae nuncupatur

Commune civitatis Parentii

Commune castri Sancti Laurentii

Commune castri Rubinii

Commune castri Duorum Castrorum

Commune civitatis Polae

Commune castri Vallis

Commune castri Dignani

Commune castri Albonae

Nota quod in isto inventario civitates solummodo sedes episcopales nuncupantur.

543_EP

Regestum

Euphrasius, the bishop of Poreč, imposes a variety of taxes, including the tithe and the ecclesiastical quartese (the quarter of the tithe) on the citizens of his bishopric. The document aimed at proving the episcopal lordship over the city of Poreč, forged in the first half of the 13th century.

Date
24th of March, 543 (13th Century Forgery)

599_PGC

Regestum

Pope Gregory I writes to Callinicus, the Exarch of Italy, regarding a variety of affairs, including the recent military victory over the Slavs and the return of the Church of Koper to the Catholic creed.

Date
May 599
Place

700_AR

Regestum

Istria as described in the chapters of Cosmography, penned by the anonymous Ravenna Cosmographer (Anonymus Ravennas), including the region's rendition on the famous Peutinger's Map (Tabula Peutingeriana).

Date
Undated; traditionally dated to late 7th/early 8th century, c. 700.
Place

803_CMA

Regestum

Emperor Charlemagne subordinates six episcopal sees to the Church of Aquileia, badly damaged by the incursions of the pagans; late-10th-century forgery.

Date
4th of August, 803
Place

804_PR

Regestum

The Plea of Rižana (Placitum Rizianense): The representatives of Istrian towns and cities present their grievances to counts Aio and Cadulus, the envoys of the Roman emperor Charlesmagne, in an official placitum held by the river Rižana in the district of Koper.

Date
804

814_LPF

Regestum

Emperor Louis the Pious promises to Patriarch Fortunatus II and to all the Istrians that their right to elect their own patriarchs, bishops, abbots, tribunes, and other officials will be respected and that the rulings of the judicial assembly (placitum) held by Rižana will be upheld.

Date
Between 814 and 821; customarily dated to 815.

929_HT

Regestum

King Hugo donates Sipar, Umag and Monfalcone to Radald, the bishop of Trieste, and places the Bishopric of Trieste under his royal protection; forged charter.

Date
7th of August, 929
Place

931_MA

Regestum

Hugh of Arles and his son Lothair II, kings of Italy, donate Muggia to the Patriarchate of Aquileia.

Date
17th of October, 931
Place

952_DAI

Regestum

The eastern borders of the province of Istria (and the Kingdom of Italy / Holy Roman Empire) according to the 10th-century work customarily titled De administrando imperio and ascribed to Eastern Roman Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus.

Date
Customarily dated to a period between 948 and 952; however, chapter 30, which contains the brief description of the eastern borders of Istria hereby edited, is a later addition, written by an anonymous author and inserted to “correct” the historical narrative featured in chaps. 29 and 31; the composition of chapter 30 is dated to the second half of the 10th century, most probably during the age of Croatian King Stephen Držislav (969–997).

965_RP

Regestum

Patriarch Rodoald donates Rovinj, a land that was destroyed by the "abominable Slavs", to the Bishopric of Poreč. Forged charter.

Date
20th of January, 965 (according to indiction) or 966.
Place

996_OA

Regestum

Emperor Otto III confirms the donation of six bishoprics to the Patriarchate of Aquileia issued by Charlemagne and donates three abbeys to the same Church.

Date
26th of June, 996
Place

1010_PP

Regestum

Pope Sergius IV confirms the jurisdictions of the bishops of Poreč over Rovinj, Dvigrad, and Bale that were disputed by the Aquileian patriarch John.

Date
March 1010
Place

1012_HA

Regestum

King Henry II confirms Otto III’s donations of Pazin and Pićan to the Church of Aquileia and donates various jurisdictions in these two places, terrains to both sides of the river Raša, and the port of Plomin.

Date
30th of April, 1012
Place

1035_CC

Regestum

Upon the petition of the citizens of Koper, who suffered due to their allegiance to the Empire, Emperor Conrad II confirms their possessions, their customary law, immunities, and the freedom to trade in the Empire.

Date
4th of June, 1035
Place

1037_KE1

Regestum

Emperor Conrad II donates Umag to the Bishopric of Novigrad as both an ecclesiastical and temporal possession. 16th-century forgery.

Date
17th of August, 1037
Place

1039_HET

Regestum

Henry III, King of the Romans, confirms the donations of his predecessors to the Bishopric of Trieste as well as all the immunities and privileges enjoyed by the said Church, including the jurisdiction over Umag and Monfalcone.

Date
30th of December, 1039
Place

1062_WM

Regestum

Henry IV, King of the Romans, donates properties in Piran and Novigrad in the March of Istria to the monastery of Saint Andrew in Freising under the jurisdiction of the Bishopric of Freising and its bishop Ellenhardus.

Date
24th of October, 1062
Place

1064_WM

Regestum

Henry IV, King of the Romans, donates properties in Istria to Margrave Ulrich I of Weimar-Orlamünde for his faithful service.

Date
31st of July, 1064
Place

1102_DW

Regestum

Ulrich II Weimar-Orlamünde and his wife Adelaide donate their possessions in the County of Istria to Patriarch Ulrich of Eppenstein and the Church of Aquileia.

Date
17th of November, 1102
Place

1102_DH

Regestum

Henry of Eppenstein, duke of Carinthia, donates his castle "in the place that is called Ruvoyn" to the Church of Aquileia.

Date
1102

1186_AC

Regestum

Adalbert, the count of Istria, pronounces a sentence regarding the jurisdictions over the territories of Gradina (Calisedo) claimed by both the commune of Sv. Lovreč and the heirs of Adalburn, vassals of Gerold of Pula, the lord of Gradina.

Date
24th of October, 1186

1203_WP

Regestum

Wolfger, the patriarch of Aquileia and margrave of Istria, confirms the boundaries of the territories under the jurisdictions of the bishops of Poreč. A Forgery drawn up by the chancery of Boniface, the bishop of Poreč (1282 - 1305).

Date
4th of November 1203