Era
Vol. 1: A seculo VI usque ad 803
Series
Date
Circa 607
Regestum

Patriarch John of Aquileia writes to Lombard King Agilulf, complaining that the ill-ordained Candidianus was consecrated as the bishop of Grado by the three Istrian bishops who were violently forced to do so by the “Greeks” (the Romans, that is, the Byzantines), and he beseeches the king not to allow such consecrations to continue following Candidianus' death.

Source
The letter is inserted in the acts of the Synod of Mantua from 827; the original is lost and the oldest and best in extenso copy is the following:
B = Rome, Biblioteca Vallicelliana, ms. B 61, fol. 245r-v (according to the old pagination, 241r-v according to the new); 15th-century copy.
Previous Editions
Wilhelm Gundlach (ed.), "Epistolae Langobardicae collectae," in Epistolae Merowingici et Karolini aevi, vol. 1, Monumenta Germaniae historica, Eppistolae 3 (Berlin 1892), doc. 1, p. 693.
FIM Edition
Diplomatic edition based on B.
Transcription

Qualis autem unitas dicitur facta, ubi spata, ubi claustra carcerum, ubi flagella fustium, et ubi longa exsilia crudeliumque pęnarum discrimina parabantur? Et miseri sufraganei Ęcclesię nostrę, scilicet espiscopi Histrię, cum summa vi et necessitate a Gradensi castro Ravennam compulsione districtissima ducebantur Grecorum, necnon inibi loquendi licentia negabatur. Atque Candidianus inutilis, qui se ob sui sceleris immanitatem praefatę sanctę recordationis a domno Severo decessori nostro sub anathematis interpositione obligatus est, ne ad potiorem gradum umquam accederet, quoniam ad se eique corde faventibus in predicto Gradensi castro, adulterium matri Ęcclesię improbe ingerens, ordinatur episcopus. Et Petrus, Providentius seu Agnellus, episcopi Histrię qui adhuc fidem sanctam tenebant et Candidiano necdum consentiebant, de Ęcclesiis suis a militibus tracti et cum gravi iniuria et contumeliis ad eum venire compulsi sunt. Sia  enim recte ei consentientes essent, voluntarie illi consentire debuerant, non autem per vim.b

Laborate et agite, quatinus et fides catholica vestris augeatur temporibus et in Gradensi castro, postquam infelix Candidianus de hoc seculo ad ęterna supplicia transmigravit, altera iniqua ordinatio ibi minime celebretur nec populus ille amplius tribuletur. Et vere, si hoc, Domino auxiliante, egeritis, quod primum est: Christus Deus pietati vestrę erit bonorum omnium retributor.

Critical apparatus

a) ex sic corr. B. b) seq. et post pauca sic add. B.

Medieval Recollections

Cf. the transcript of the Synod of Mantua of 827.

Selected Bibliography
Giuseppe Cuscito, "Aquileia e Bisanzio nella controversia dei Tre Capitoli," in Antichità Altoadriatiche 12: Aquileia e l'Oriente Mediterraneo (Trieste 1976), pp. 231-62, esp. pp. 256-57.
Editor's Notes

The response of the Lombard-backed patriarch of Aquileia at the news of a competing, Byzantine-backed patriarch of the same ecclesiastical province being ordained. See this document for more information.

How to Cite
First citation: Josip Banic (ed.), Fontes Istrie medievalis, vol. 1: A seculo VI usque ad 803, doc. 607_IAA, fontesistrie.eu/607_IAA (last access: date).
Subsequent citations: FIM, 1: doc. 607_IAA.