590_HL

Era
Vol. 1: A seculo VI usque ad 803
Series
Date
590
Regestum

Following the death of Aquileian patriarch Helias, his successor, Patriarch Severus, together with three other bishops (including the bishop of Poreč, John) are imprisoned in Ravenna by the Byzantine official Smaragdus; in order to buy their freedom, the prelates agree to condemn the Three Chapters and reunite with Rome, a move that greatly angers the other bishops in the ecclesiastical province of Aquileia. Finally, a synod is held in Marano (591) whereby Patriarch Severus formally had to acknowledge the error of his ways in supporting the condemnation of the Three Chapters (narrative accounts from Paul the Deacon's History of the Lombards).

Source
Paul the Deacon, History of the Lombards, book 3, chap. 26. Original autograph is lost, numerous copies from 8th century onwards exist (cf. Bethmann's and Waitz's edition referenced below). FIM edition is based on the following manuscript:
B = Cividale del Friuli, Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Archivi e Biblioteca, ms. XXVIII, fols. 32v-33r; copy from the second quarter of the 9th century; the manuscript is digitized and available online for consultation here.
Previous Editions
Ludwig Konrad Bethmann and Georg Waitz (eds.), Pauli Historia Langobardorum, Monumenta Germaniae historica, Scriptores rerum Germanicarum in usum scholarum separatim editi 48 (Hannover 1878), pp. 129-32.
FIM Edition
Diplomatic edition based on B.
Transcription

His diebus defuncto Helia Aquilegensi patriarcha, postquam quindecim annos sacerdotium gesserat, Severus huic succedens regendam suscepit Ecclesiam.

Quem Smaragdus patricius veniens de Ravenna in Gradus, per semepa ipsum e basilica extrahens, Ravennam cum iniuria duxit cum aliis tribus ex Histria episcopis, id est: Iohanne Parentino et Severo1 atque Vindemio2, necnon etiam Antonio3 iam sene Ecclesie defensore.

Quibus comminans exilia atque violentiam inferens, communicare conpulit Iohanni Ravennanti episcopo, trium capituolrum damnatori, qui a tempore pape Vigilii vel Pelagii a Romane Ecclesie describeratb societate.

Exempto vero anno, e Ravenna ad Grados reversi sunt. Quibus nec plebs communicare voluit, nec cetheri episcopi eos receperunt. Smaragdus patricius a demonio non iniuste correptus, successorem Romanum patricium accipiens, Constantinopolim remeavit.

Post hec facta est sinodus decem episcoporumc in Mariano, ubi receperunt Severum patriarcham Aquilegensem dantem libellum errori sui, quia trium capitulorum damnatoribus communicarat Ravenne.

Nomina vero episcoporum qui se ab hoc scismate cohibuerunt hec sunt:
Petrus de Altino,
Clarissimus,
Ingenuinus de Sabione,
Agnellus Tridentinus,
Iunior Veronensis,
Horontius Vicentinus,
Rusticus de Tarvisio,
Fonteius Feltrinus,
Agnellus de Acilo,
Laurentius Bellunensis,
Maxentius Iuliensis et
Adrianus Polensis.

Cum patriarcha autem communicaverunt isti episcopi:
Severus4,
Parentinus Iohannes,
Patricius5,
Vindemius6 et
Iohannes7.

Lectiones notęque

a) sic: pro semet.
b) sic: pro desciverat.
c) in margine cum diverso manu: sinodus decem episcoprum in Marino.


According to the highly contaminated transcript of the acts of the Synod of Grado (see the edition here), the bishops mentioned here by Paul the Deacon would be:
1) Severus, the bishop of Trieste.
2) Vindemius, the bishop of Cissa, the mysterious bishopric.
3) Anthony, the bishop of Grado.
4) The same as fn. 1.
5) Patricius, the bishop of Novigrad in Istria.
6) The same as fn. 2.
7) John, the bishop of Celje.

Translation

ADD LATER.

Selected Bibliography
Claire Sotinel, “The Three Chapters and the Transformations of Italy,” in The Crisis of the Oikoumene: The Three Chapters and the Failed Quest for Unity in the Sixth-Century Mediterranean, ed. Celia Chazelle and Catherine Cubitt (Turnhout 2007), pp. 84–120.
How to Cite
First citation: Josip Banic (ed.), Fontes Istrie medievalis, vol. 1: A seculo VI usque ad 803, doc. 590_HL, fontesistrie.eu/590_HL (last access: date).
Subsequent citations: FIM, 1: doc. 590_HL.
Fascimile