Era
Vol. 1: A seculo VI usque ad 803
Date
April of 559
Regestum

Pope Pelagius I writes to Charles, the magister militum, regarding the Schism of the Three Chapters and the schismatic bishops.

Source
Original lost; numerous later copies exist (cf. the edition referenced below); the editor has consulted the following manuscripts:
B = London, British Museum, Collectio Britanica, ms: 8873, fol. 34r-v (fragment only); copy from the 1st half of the 12th century; the manuscript is digitized and available online for consultation here.
C = Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, ms. Vat. lat. 1363, fol. 215v; mid-12th-century copy; the manuscript is digitized and available online for consultation here.
D = Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, ms. lat. 12519, fol. 203v; late 12th-century copy; the manuscript is digitized and available online for consultation here.
Previous Editions
Pius M. Gassó and Columba M. Batlle (eds.), Pelagii I Papae epistulae quae supersunt (556-561), Scripta et documenta 8 (Barcelona 1956), doc. 65, pp. 171-73.
FIM Edition
Diplomatic edition based on C with different readings from B and D reported in the critical apparatus.
Transcription

[Pelagius Carello magistro militum]a

Quali nos de glorię vestręb studiis iudicioc gratulemur, non solum vestram, sed multorum ac pene omnium credimus habere noticiamd, et idcirco nunc de his quę vobis pręsentibus ibi fieri stupemus, fiducialiter apud gloriam vestram duximus conquerendum.e

Terciusf siquidem atque Maximilianus nomina tantum episcoporum habentes, et ęcclesiasticamg ibi unitatem [perturbare]h dicuntur, et omnes ęcclesiasticasi res suis usibus applicare, intantum ut contra unum eorum, id est Maximilianum, usque ad nos per tam longum iter, necessitate compellente, quidam infatigabiliter venientes, pręces offerrent.

Ob quam causam Petrumj presbyterum sedis nostrę, sedk et Proiectum notarium ad eadem loca duximus destinandos, ut ea quęl canonicis statutis a prędictis pseudom episcopis compererint fuisse commissan, vel digna debeant ibi ultione compescereo, vel eosdem ad nos usque perducerep.

Et ideo salutantes paternoq affectu gloriam vestramr, petimus ut pręfatis, qui a nostra sede directi sunt, in omnibus prębeatiss auxilium, nec putetis alicuius esse peccati si huiusmodi homines comprimunturt.

Hoc enim et divinęu et mundanęv leges statuerunt, ut ab Ęcclesięw unitate divisi, et eius pacem iniquissime perturbantes, a secularibus etiam potestatibus comprimanturz.

Nec quicquam maius est, unde Deo possitis sacrificiumx offerre, quam si id ordinetis, ut hi qui in suam et aliorumy perniciem debachanturaa, cumbb potenti debeant vigore compescicc.

Critical apparatus

aom. CD; titulus epistolae C: Quod nullis sacrificium Deo a potestatibus gratius est ut scismatici episcopi ab obediendum coerceantur; titulis epistolae D: Quod nullum sacrificium Deo a potestatibus gratus est quam ut scismatici episcopi coerceantur ad obediendum.  b) vestre D.  c) iuditio D.  d) notitiam D. e) Quali nos — conquerendum omB. f) Techius B; Terentius coniGassó and Batlle.  g) ecclesiasticam BD.  homCD.  i) aecclesiasticas B; ecclesiasticas D.  jom. B.  kom. B.  l) que B.  m) seudo B.  n) conmissa B.  o) conpescere B.  p) pervenire B.  q) patenti B.  romBD.  s) prebeatis B.  t) conprimuntur B.  u) divine B.  v) mundane B.  w) Ecclesie B; Ecclesię Dx) conprimantur B.  y) sacrificium possitis B.  z) in aliorum B.  aa) debacantur B.  bb) cum potenti] conpenti B.  cc) conpesci B.

Selected Bibliography
Giuseppe Cuscito, "Fonti e studi sul vescovo Eufrasio e sulla chiesa Parentina del sec. VI: Bilancio critico-bibliografico," Atti e memorie della Società istriana di archeologia e storia patria 75 (1975): pp. 59-71.
Rajko Bratož, "Povezave med Trakijo in severnojadranskimi deželami v pozni antiki," Zgodovinski časopis 42/4 (1988): p. 499.
Editor's Notes

The letter has nothing to do with Istrian bishops and as such there is little reason for including it in this collection of edited primary sources other than to demonstrate various dimensions of the Three Chapters Controversy that indeed gained ground in Istria. The main reason why the letter is included in FIM stems from Kandler's tampering with the document that ultimately produced many unnecessary distortions in Istrian historiography (cf. Kandler, Codice diplomatico istriano, 2nd ed. (Trieste 1986), doc. 23, p. 61).

Namely, Kandler took the text of the charter from De Rubeis's edition as featured in his Monumenta Ecclesiae Aquileiensis commentatio historico-chronologico-critico illustrata (published in Venice in 1748). However, for some unknown reason, Kandler decided to "correct" the text and change the originally written Thracius into Euphrasius as in the contemporary bishop of Poreč that was indeed mentioned by Pope Pelagius I in one of his prior letters (see the document here). This "modification" further engendered methodologically incredibly flawed interpretations that Bishop Euphrasius was of Thracian origin, an argument rooted in Kandler's tampering. Many historians, including renowned scholars such as Conrad Eubel (cf. Hierarchia catholica medii aevi, vol. 2, p. 231), were led astray by Kandler's "corrections."

The primary sources do not corroborate Kandler's "thesis" and neither can the bishop Maximilian mentioned in this letter be dubbed the bishop of Koper as Kandler would have him. Instead, the two schismatic "pseudo-bishops" as the pope dubs them were most probably linked to the region of Tuscany as argued by Gassó and Batlle (cf. the pope's letter issued to brothers "Guadentio, Maximiliano, Gerontio, Terentio, Vitali et Laurentio per Tusciam Annonariam" edited in Gassó and Batlle (eds.), Pelagii I Papae epistulae, doc. 10, pp. 31-32); this opinion is also accepted by the likes of Giuseppe Cuscito and Rajko Bratož (cf. Selected Bibliography).

How to Cite
First citation: Josip Banic (ed.), Fontes Istrie medievalis, vol. 1: A seculo VI usque ad 803, doc. 559_PL1, fontesistrie.eu/559_PL1 (last access: date).
Subsequent citations: FIM, 1: doc. 559_PL1.
Facsimile
Image Source and Info

The images are of manuscript B, screenshots from the digitized manuscript available on the official web pages of the British Museum.

The editor has subsequently marked the images with red vertical lines simply to denote the parts of the manuscript that are hereby edited.

All images remain under the copyright of their respective institutions.

The images from the Vatican library are available for consultation online, but the library's copyrights prevent the posting of these images on other webpages. The users are thus directed to this page.