Era
Vol. 1: A seculo VI usque ad 803
Date
March of 559
Regestum

Pope Pelagius I writes to a patrician John on the detrimental effects of the schism in the Church (the so-called Three Chapters Controversy), singling out Bishop Euphrasius as a particularly depraved schismatic and advising the patrician to repress the schismatics in the province of Aquileia (that is, the region Venetia et Histria).

Source
Original lost; numerous later copies exist (cf. the edition referenced below); the editor has consulted the following manuscripts:
B = London, British Museum, Collectio Britanica, ms: 8873, fol. 31r (fragment only); copy from the 1st half of the 12th century; the manuscript is digitized and available online for consultation here.
C = Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, ms. Vat. lat. 1363, fols. 215v-216r; mid-12th-century copy; the manuscript is digitized and available online for consultation here.
D = Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, ms. lat. 12519, fols. 203v-204r; late 12th-century copy; the manuscript is digitized and available online for consultation here.
Previous Editions
Pius M. Gassó and Columba M. Batlle (eds.), Pelagii I Papae epistulae quae supersunt (556-561), Scripta et documenta 8 (Barcelona 1956), doc. 53, pp. 140-42.
FIM Edition
Diplomatic edition based on C with different readings from B and D reported in the critical apparatus.
Transcription

Pelgaius papa Iohanni patricio.a

Relegentes litteras excellentię vestrę, de iniuria quidem quam vobis iniquorum hominum pręsumptio ingessit, valde doluimus; sed quia scimus occulto Dei iudiciob animam vestram, etsi per aliorum iniquitatem ac superbiam a contaminatione scismatis custoditam, egimus omnipotenti Deo gratias, qui etiam de malis hominum actibus bona operari consuevit.

Nec enim sine illius providentia factum esse credendum est, ut insensati et perversi homines ad hoc usquec prosilirent, ut suam divisionem catholicam esse credentes Ęcclesiamd, a sua vos pollutione prohiberent. Sic enim per misericordiam Dei, etiam nescientibus illis, factum est, ut a scismaticorum communione eruti, catholicę, quam diligitis, servari vos contigisset Ęcclesięe.

Quamvis igitur vestra per illorum scelus utilitas factaf sit, nolite tamen impunitam pręsumptionem iniquorum hominum crassari permittere. Si enim hoc, quod in vestram gloriam pręsumpseruntg, non fuerit vindicta conpręssum, quid in minoribus valeant ambigi ultra non debet. Exercete igitur in talibus debitamh auctoritatem et ne eis amplius talia committendii crescat spiritus, vestris coercionibusj recomprimaturk. Ad hoc siquidem Dei nutu etiam contra vos talia pręsumpserunt, ut, talia vobis corrigentibus, ab eorum scelere alios possetis, Deo propiciante, munire.

Quales autem sint, qui Ęcclesiam fugiunt, Eufrasii vos sceleral, quę Deus occulta esse non voluit, evidenter informant, qui in homicidio quidem nec hominis necessitudinem, nec caritatem fratris, nec sacerdotii reverentiam cogitavit. Incestuoso autem adulteriom, ipsi etiam vindictęn abstulit modum, quia, si adulterium punias, non remanet in quo vindicetur incestus; si incestuosoo ingeras poenamp, inultum crimen adulterii remanebit. Ecce de quo collegio sunt qui, quantum ad superbiam suam, iniuriam vobis inferre moliti sunt, et quantum ad providentiam Dei impollutos vos Ęcclesięq servaverunt.

Auferter tales ab illa provincias, utimini oblata vobis a Deo opprimendi perfidos occasione. Quod tunc plenius fieri poterit, si auctores scelerum ad clementissimum principem dirigantur, et maxime ĘcclesiętAquileiensis invasor, quiu estv in scismaste, et a scismatico maledictus, nec honorem episcopi poterit optinere nec meritum.

Critical apparatus

a) De scismaticis coercendis a secularibus add. sup. forma titulis C. b) iuditio D. c) housque D. d) Ecclesiam D. e) Ecclesię D. f) acta B. g) presumpserunt B. homD; debitam in talibus invB.  i) committendi talia invB.  j) cohercionibus BD.k) reprimantur B et eddGassó et Batlle; recomprimantur D.l) scęlera D.m) in adulterio B.n) vindicte BD. o) incesto B.p) pęnam D; penam B. q) Ecclesię D.r) Item auferte B.s) provintia BD.t) Ęcclesie D. u) quis D.v) et D.

Selected Bibliography
See the works referenced here.
Editor's Notes

The third in the series of six letters issued by Pope Pelagius I to Byzantine civil officials trying to persuade them to use their authorities to repress the schism and support the papal quest to restore union to the Church (for a full list of these six documents, see the edition of the first letter to patrician John edited here.)

This is the first mention of Bishop Euphrasius in public documents. Euphrasius, the man behind the 6th-century renovation of the basilica in Poreč, a UNESCO monument that is to this day known as Euphrasian Basilica, was depicted quite negatively by the Roman pontiff, as a murderer and an adulterer in addition to being a leading figure behind the Schism of the Three Chapters.

The fact that these letters did not encourage the aggressive response Pope Pelagius I had hoped for is attested in the second letter to patrician Valerian (see the edition here) and in the fact that absolutely no actions were taken against Bishop Euphrasius who continued to enjoy the support of the Byzantine court.

How to Cite
First citation: Josip Banic (ed.), Fontes Istrie medievalis, vol. 1: A seculo VI usque ad 803, doc. 559_PL, fontesistrie.eu/559_PL (last access: date).
Subsequent citations: FIM, 1: doc. 559_PL.
Facsimile
Image Source and Info

The image is from manuscript hereby dubbed D, downloaded from the official web pages of Bibliothèque Nationale de France.

The editor has subsequently marked the images with vertical arrows simply to denote the parts of the manuscripts that are hereby edited.

All images remain under the copyright of their respective institutions.

The images from the Vatican library are available for consultation online, but the library's copyrights prevent the posting of these images on other webpages. The users are thus directed to this page.