Era
Vol. 4: A 1209 usque ad 1300
Date
January 1209
Place
Regestum

Otto IV, King of the Romans, confirms the rights of the Patriarchate of Aquileia over the Duchy of Friuli.

Source
A = Archivio di Stato di Venezia, Miscellanea atti diplomatici e privati, busta 2, doc. 62.
Previous Editions
Ferdinando Ughelli (ed.), Italia sacra sive de episcopis Italiae et insularum adjacentium, vol. 5 (Venezia 1720), pp. 78-79; a particularly bad edition, based on an unidentified later copy.
Eduard Winkelmann, Acta Imperii inedita seculi XIII, vol. 1: Urkunden und Briefe zur Geschichte des Kaiserreichs und des Königreichs Sicilien in den Jahren 1198 bis 1273 (Innsbruck 1880), doc. 23, pp. 14–15; based on A.
FIM Edition
Diplomatic edition based on A.
Transcription

Otto Dei gratia Romanorum rex semper augustus.

Regie maiestatis ordo requirit ut omnium, et maxime ecclesiarum, iura protectione regia serventur illesa.

Ea propter, adtendentes clarissima merita et obsequia dilecti principis nostri Wolfgeri Aquilegensis patriarche, que persone nostre et Imperio hactenus laudabiliter exhibuit et cottidie circa honorem et profectum Imperii tota virtute noscitur exhibere, Ducatum Foriiuli cum omni iure et pertinenciis suis et sanguinolentum denarium, scilicet feritas, plagas, vulnera, homicidia, furta quoque et omnia maleficia que ad correptionem et bannum principum spectare noscuntur; insuper etiam omnes transactiones et conventiones inter Peregrinum patriarcham et Meinardum comitem, et inter Wolricum patriarcham et Eggelbertuma comitem super advocatia, et aliis factas, et privilegiis aut aliis autenticis scripturis roboratas, sibi et successoribus eius in perpetuum regali auctoritate confirmamus, et presenti pagina nostrob sigillo roborata communimus.

Sanctientes quod nulli memorata iudicia, vel aliqua ad ius Ducatus spectancia, nisi per eum aut successores suos liceat pertractare, nullaque persona huic nostre confìrmationi audeat contraire.

Si quis vero hanc nostre confirmationis paginam infringere attemptaverit, triginta libras auri purissimi, medietatem camere nostre et medietatem ecclesie Aquilegensi, pro pena componat.

Confirmationemc robur obtinente, tam nostra quam divi Henrici sexti imperatoris facta in antiquo suo privilegio eidem Aquileiensi ecclesie et super eisdem dato, quod hic de verbo ad verbum est renovatum.

Acta sunt hec in presentia Sifridi Augustensis episcopi, Cunradi Spirensis episcopi regalis aule cancellarii, Hartwici Eistensis episcopi, Cunradi Ratisponensis episcopi, Manegoldi Pataviensis episcopi, Cunradi Brixiensis episcopi, Iohannis Charmacensis episcopi, Engelbardi Cicensis episcopi, Fridrici Tridentini episcopi, Geberardi Tergestini episcopi, Ludewici ducis Bǒwarie, comitis Gebehardi de Tollenstein, Burchardi Megdeburgensis burgraviod, Henrici marscalci, et aliorum quamplurium testium.

(SI D)

Data anno Domini millesimo CCoVIII aput Augustam, indictione XII.

Critical apparatus

asic A: pro Engelbertum. bex nostra corr. A. csic A: pro confirmatione, prout em. Winkelmann. dsic A: pro burgravii.

Selected Bibliography
Pio Paschini, “Il patriarcato di Wolfger di Ellenbrechtskirchen,” Memorie storiche forogiuliesi 10 (1914): pp. 389–92.
Heinrich Schmidinger, Patriarch und Landesherr: Die weltliche Herrschaft der Patriarchen von Aquileia bis zum Ende der Staufer (Graz 1954), pp. 88–90.
Editor's Notes

The anno Domini dating to 1208 does not concur with the 12th indiction; thus, the date must be 1209, indeed the year in which the Diet of Augsburg took place.

According to Winkelmann, who based his arguments on paleographical evidence, the charter is a pseudo-original, made by tracing the authentic charter that had become, at some point, faded to the point of illegibility. In any case, there is no reason to doubt the document's authenticity.

This is one of the five charters that King Otto IV issued to Patriarch Wolfger during this official imperial diet, a "reward" for the patriarch's support of the newly crowned Roman king following the death of Philip of Swabia, Otto IV's rival to the throne that Wolfger had originally backed.

During the Diet of Augsburg in January of 1209, King Otto IV issued these five documents to Patriarch Wolfger and his Church:

  • the confirmation of the Duchy of Friuli - the document hereby edited, 1209_W1;
  • the confirmation of possessions and jurisdictions of the Chapter of Aquileia - to be edited here as 1209_W2;
  • the charter making Patriarch Wolfger the official imperial legate in Italy - to be edited here as 1209_W3;
  • the charter exempting the patriarchs of Aquileia from having to journey to Germany to receive the investiture of their regalian rights because they are Italian princes (possibly a forged charter, but based on the authentic one issued by King Phillip in 1206, see it here) - to be edited here as 1209_W4;
  • the donation of the Margraviate of Istria - to be edited as 1209_W5; see the narrative sources here and the subsequent confirmation of 1210 here.
How to Cite
First citation: Josip Banic (ed.), Fontes Istrie medievalis, vol. 4: A 1209 usque ad 1300, doc. 1209_W1, fontesistrie.eu/1209_W1 (last access: date).
Subsequent citations: FIM, 4: doc. 1209_W1.
Facsimile
Image Source and Info

The image of the manuscript was taken by the editor (who hereby apologizes for the quality of the photo that leaves much to be desired).

The publication of the facsimile of A (Venice, Archivio di Stato di Venezia, Miscellanea atti diplomatici e privati, busta 2, document number 62) is granted free of charge by Archivio di Stato di Venezia by way of the “simplified procedure” of publishing archival facsimiles (La circolare della Direzione generale archivi n. 39 del 29 settembre 2017: procedura semplificata: pubblicazioni online che perseguano finalità scientifiche o pedagogiche, non beneficino di inserzioni pubblicitarie o commerciali e non siano soggette ad accesso a pagamento).

The digital facsimile remains under the exclusive copyright of Archivio di Stato di Venezia.