Era
Vol. 3: A 1077 usque ad 1209
Date
1163
Regestum

Aquileian patriarch Ulrich II together with his parents, Count Wolverad II and Countess Emma II, donate Treffen and Tiffen with all their dependencies and all their properties around Lake Ossiach, Treffen Valley, Wollanig, Gratschach and St. Ulrich together with their dependencies to the Church of Aquileia.

Source
The original document is lost; what survives is a regestum featured in a 14th-century codex registering the secular rights of the Church of Aquileia:
M = Udine, Biblioteca civica “Vincenzo Joppi” di Udine, Fondo Principale, ms. 892/1, fol. 26r; a 14th-century regestum under two appended titles (cf. transcription); the codex is digitalized and available online here.
Previous Editions
Josef von Zahn (ed.), Austro-Friulana: Sammlung von Actenstücken zur Geschichte des Conflictes Herzog Rudolfs IV. von Österreich mit dem Patriarchate von Aquileja, 1358-1365: Mit Einschluss der vorbereitenden Documente von 1250 an, Fontes rerum Austriacorum, Diplomata et acta 11 (Vienna 1877), p. 319 (taken over by August von Jaksch (ed.), Monumenta historica ducatus Carinthiae, vol. 3: Die Kärntner Geschichtsquellen 811-1202 (Klagenfurt 1904), doc. 1061, p. 398); an emended edition based on M.
FIM Edition
Diplomatic edition based on M, including the appended titles.
Transcription

Iura castri de Treven et castri de Tyven

Donatio castri de Treven facta ecclesie Aquilegensi olim per reverendissimum patriarcham Urlicum pro se et patre ac matre suis ac castri de Tiven.

Imprimis in millesimo centessimoa sexagesimo tercio constat legitime et evidenter olim reverendissimum patrem dominum Vorlicum patriarcham Aquilegensem, unnaaa cum patre suo comite Volfardo et matre eius Emma, castra Treven et Tyven, quorum erant in proprietate et possessione, cum universis ministerialibus, alodiis, iurisdictionibus et aliis quibuscumque ad dicta castra pertinentibus devotissime pro salute animarum ipsorum in proprietate et possessione in perpetuum sancte ecclesie Aquilegensi contulisse et donasse.

Item et eciam contulerunt et donaverunt prefate ecclesie omnia eorum bona, alodia, possessiones, iurisdictiones et honores cum ministerialibus, servitoribus et omnibus ad ea spectantibus circa lacum de Ossia et in valle de Treven, Wilanich, Gaarzach, Tacrich.

Apparato critico

asic M.

Medieval Recollections

Emperor Frederick I’s confirmation of 1180 ‒ to be edited here presently.

Emperor Frederick II’s confirmation of 1214 ‒ to be edited here presently.

Emperor Frederick II’s confirmation of 1220 ‒ to be edited here presently.

Emperor Charles IV’s confirmation of 1366 ‒ to be edited here presently.


“Confirmatio predictorum castrorum serenissimi Federici imperatoris: Item in Mo Ic LXXXo serenissimus Romanorum imperator Federicus predictas donationem et dationem castrorum et bonorum supradictorum factas ipsi ecclesie Aquilegensi per iam dictum Urlicum patriarcham unnaa cum parentibus suis sua clemencia benignissime laudavit et confirmavit ipsi domino Urlico patriarche recipienti pro se et ecclesia sua Aquilegensi.” ‒ BCU, FP, ms. 892/1 (hereby dubbed M), fol. 26r, ed. Zahn, Austro-Friulana, p. 319.

“Confirmatio predictorum facta per serenissimum Federicum regem Romanorum et Cicillie: Item in Mo IIc XIIIIo prenominatus Federicus rex Romanorum et Cicillie reverendissimo olim Volcherio patriarche Aquilegensi recipienti pro se et successoribus suis vice et nomine ecclesie sue Aquilegensis benignissime antedictas dationem et donationem castrorum Treven et Tyven et bonorum supradictorum laudavit et confirmavit.” ‒ BCU, FP, ms. 892/1 (hereby dubbed M), fol. 26v, ed. Zahn, Austro-Friulana, pp. 319‒320.

“Confirmatio eciam predictorum per nominatum Federicum secundum imperatorem Romanorum: Item millesimo IIc XXo idem serenissimus Federicus secundus imperator iam triumfans in Imperio eadem eorumdem castrorum et bonorum, ut superius clare patet, dationem et donationem factam ecclesie Aquilegensi reverendissimo Urlico patriarche laudavit et confirmavit.” ‒ BCU, FP, ms. 892/1 (hereby dubbed M), fol. 26v, ed. Zahn, Austro-Friulana, p. 320.

“Confirmatio omnium pertinendorum ad castra de Treven et Tyven et aliorum ibi subsequencium bonorum facta per serenissimum imperatorem Karolum in humanis triumfantem” ‒ BCU, FP, ms. 892/1 (hereby dubbed M), fol. 27r, ed. Zahn, Austro-Friulana, p. 321.


“De contentis in quinto scrineo: [om.] Donatio de Treven cum multis villis, locis, bonis et iuribus. [om.] De contentis in nono scrineo: [om.] Et de possessione castri Tavini declarata domino patriarche [om.] ‒ Thesauri claritas (opus saec. XIV), ed. Bianchi, Thesaurus ecclesiae Aquileiensis (Udine 1847), doc. 5, p. 8, doc. 9, p. 12.


“Pilgrimus sedem suam Ulrico comitis Wulfardi filio Karinthiano de Treven, qui ipsum Comitatum patris et matris assensu Aquilegiensi ecclesie disposuit, sicut privilegia ecclesie lucide protestantur.” ‒ John of Viktring, Liber certarum historiarum, liber I (rec. C), ed. Fedor Schneider, vol. 1, MGH, SS rer. Germ. 36/1 (Hannover‒Leipzig 1909), p. 88.

“Pilgrimus patriarcha Ulricum morientes reliquerunt successores; hic Ulricus filius comitis Wolfardi de Treven Karinthie totum Comitatum obtulit sedi sue.” ‒ John of Viktring, Liber certarum historiarum, liber I (rec. D), ed. Fedor Schneider, vol. 1, MGH, SS rer. Germ. 36/1 (Hannover‒Leipzig 1909), p. 127.
 

Selected Bibliography
Pio Paschini, “I patriarchi d’Aquileia nel secolo XII,” Memorie storiche forogiuliesi 10 (1914): p. 124.
Heinrich Schmidinger, Patriarch und Landesherr: Die weltliche Herrschaft der Patriarchen von Aquileia bis zum Ende der Staufer (Graz-Cologne 1954), pp. 74‒75.
Friedrich Hausmann, “Carinziani et stiriani in Friuli,” in Il Friuli dagli Ottoni agli Hohenstaufen, ed. Giuseppe Fornasir (Udine 1983), p. 580.
Editor's Notes

Wolverad I, the paternal grandfather of Patriarch Ulrich II, stemmed from the comital house of Altshausen and Veringen; he was also the first progeny of this house to acquire comital rights in Treffen. According to Heinz Dopsch (“Salzburg und Aquileia,” in Il Friuli dagli Ottoni agli Hohenstaufen, cited above, pp. 514‒515, 539), Wolverad I had two male heirs, Marquard who inherited the County of Veringen, and Wolverad II, the count of Treffen. Wolverad II, however, had only one surviving male heir, Ulrich II, an ecclesiastic who eventually became the patriarch of Aquileia, thus unable to provide legitimate heirs to his house. Therefore, the comital rights over Treffen were bestowed upon the Church of Aquileia by way of a pious donation for the salvation of the donors’ souls, considerably expanding the secular jurisdictions of Ulrich II’s patriarchate in Carinthia and granting significant social and symbolic capital to the patriarch’s family.

The donated properties are concentrated in the area to the north of Villach, around Lake Ossiach, and to the northeast of Villach.

The donation would be included in Frederick I’s confirmation of the rights and possessions of the Patriarchate of Aquileia, a document that would serve as a template for many other imperial confirmations issued to the Church of Aquileia.

How to Cite
First citation: Josip Banic (ed.), Fontes Istrie medievalis, vol. 3: A 1077 usque ad 1209, doc. 1163_DT, fontesistrie.eu/1163_DT (last access: date).
Subsequent citations: FIM, 3: doc. 1163_DT.
Facsimile
Image Source and Info

The facsimile of ms. hereby dubbed M stems from the official web pages of Biblioteca civica "Vincenzo Joppi" di Udine where it is freely available for consultation.

The facsimile remains under the exclusive copyright of Biblioteca civica "Vincenzo Joppi" di Udine.