Diplomata

543_EP

Regestum

Euphrasius, the bishop of Poreč, imposes a variety of taxes, including the tithe and the ecclesiastical quartese (the quarter of the tithe) on the citizens of his bishopric. The document aimed at proving the episcopal lordship over the city of Poreč and fixing the tributes due to the Church of Poreč, forged in the first half of the 13th century (before 1222).

Date
24th of March, 543 (13th Century Forgery)

547_MD

Regestum

Maximian, the bishop of Ravenna, endows the monastery of St. Andrew and the church of St. Mary in Pula.

Date
During the episcopate of Maximian, the bishop of Ravenna (4th of October 546-22nd of February 556/7); traditionally, but wrongly, dated to 21st of February 547.
Place

554_IPS

Regestum

Emperor Justinian I issues a pragmatic sanction regulating the administration of the newly conquered Italy (the so-called sanctio pragmatica pro petitione Vigilii or epitome constitutionum Iustiniani de reformanda Italia).

Date
13th of August, 554

579_PPG

Regestum

Pope Pelagius II confirms Grado as the new metropolitan see of the ecclesiastical province of Venetia et Histria; 11th-century forgery.

Date
20th of April, 579
Place

579_SG

Regestum

The acts of the synod of Grado, heavily interpolated by later falsifications, by which the bishops of the ecclesiastical province of Aquileia remain faithful to the Catholic creed as decreed by the Ecumenical Councils of Chalcedon (451), Ephesus (431), Constantinople I (381) and Nicaea (325), refusing to denounce the Three Chapters condemned by the Second Ecumenical Council of Constantinople (552).

Date
3rd of November, 579 (purportedly) or sometime between 572 and 577 (more probably)
Place

792_CM1

Regestum

King Charlemagne bestows to the Church of Aquileia the right to canonical election of their patriarchs (that nonetheless requires royal confirmation) and exempts it from public taxes such as the tithes, the grazing fees for livestock sent to graze in Istria, and war taxes (lodgings and provisions for the army) unless the royal military is forced to pass through Friuli and the Treviso region.

Date
4th of August, 792
Place

803_CMA

Regestum

Emperor Charlemagne subordinates six episcopal sees to the Church of Aquileia, badly damaged by the incursions of the pagans; late-10th-century forgery.

Date
4th of August, 803
Place

803_CG1

Regestum

Emperor Charlemagne bestows immunities upon the Church of Grado due to the special services and merits of its incumbent Patriarch Fortunatus II.

Date
13th of August, 803
Place

803_CG2

Regestum

Emperor Charlemagne exempts the four ships of Fortunatus II, "the patriarch of the Venetians and Istrians," from all the tolls.

Date
Undated; traditionally dated to the 17th of August, 803
Place

804_PR

Regestum

The Plea of Rižana (Placitum Rizianense): The representatives of Istrian towns and cities present their grievances to counts Aio and Cadulus, the envoys of the Roman emperor Charlesmagne, in an official placitum held by the river Rižana in the district of Koper.

Date
804

814_LPF

Regestum

Emperor Louis the Pious promises to Patriarch Fortunatus II and to all the Istrians that their right to elect their own patriarchs, bishops, abbots, tribunes, and other officials will be respected and that the rulings of the judicial assembly (placitum) held by Rižana will be upheld.

Date
Between 814 and 821; customarily dated to 815.

827_SM

Regestum

The decrees of the Synod of Mantua: the long conflict between the patriarchs of Grado and Aquileia over the metropolitan jurisdiction over Istrian bishoprics is settled in favor of the Aquileian Church.

Date
6th of June, 827
Place

832_LPA

Regestum

Emperor Lothair I confirms the immunities enjoyed by the Church of Aquileia and its right to canonically elect their patriarchs.

Date
30th of November, 832
Place

840_PL

Regestum

The first pact between the Western Roman Empire, represented by Emperor Lothair I, and the Duchy of Venice, represented by Doge Pietro Tradonico, sanctioning mutual aid in campaigns against the Slavs and defining the rights over the use of land as well as the modalities of justice administration. This is the first "international" treaty in which Venice partook as an autonomous polity, independent of the Byzantine Empire.

Date
23rd of February, 840
Place

847_MARU

Regestum

The last will and testament of a woman from Trieste calling herself "Maru, the handmaiden of God" (Maru ancilla Dei).

Date
26th of April, 847 (most probably) or 849 (less probably)

852_LMD

Regestum

Emperor Louis II assumes under his protection the monastery of St. Michael in Diliano and its abbot Felmo, bestowing upon the monastery immunities and the right of free election of its abbots.

Date
17th of November, 852
Place

855_LPA

Regestum

Emperor Louis II confirms the charter of Lothair I to the Patriarchate of Aquileia regarding the dispute with the Patriarchate of Grado that was settled at the Synod of Mantua in 827: the patriarchs of Aquileia are to enjoy the metropolitan jurisdiction over all the Istrian bishoprics.

Date
30th of October, 855
Place

857_LMD

Regestum

Emperor Louis II confirms to St. Michael's monastery in Diliano and abbot Felmo the right to have two lay advocates - the brothers Petronasius and Talasius - to defend their rights.

Date
3rd of April, 857
Place

880_PAV

Regestum

Venice, represented by Doge Orso I Participazio, and the Patriarchate of Aquileia, represented by Patriarch Walpert, sign a treaty according to which the Venetian Doge agrees not to block the Aquileian port Pylum, but only under the condition that the patriarch stops with all the hostilities directed against the Church of Grado and exempts the Venetians from all the tolls on his territories, according to the old customs.

Date
January of 880
Place

911_BT

Regestum

King Berengar I donates two forts, the Vermes (Beram in Istria ?), to the Bishopric of Trieste (10th- or 11th-century forgery).

Date
27th of June, 911 or 914
Place

929_HT

Regestum

King Hugo donates Sipar, Umag, and Monfalcone to Radald, the bishop of Trieste, and places the Bishopric of Trieste under his royal protection; a forged charter.

Date
7th of August, 929
Place

931_MA

Regestum

Hugh of Arles and his son Lothair II, kings of Italy, donate Muggia to the Patriarchate of Aquileia.

Date
17th of October, 931
Place

932_PI

Regestum

Due to fair treatment and protection, the city of Koper, represented by a locopositus, scabini, the protector of the people (advocatus totius populi) and many others, freely promise an annual tribute of one hundred amphorae of wine to Venice, to be paid every year within ten days of the harvest, and protection to all Venetians.

Date
14th of January, 932
Place

944_PAV

Regestum

Thanks to the mediation of Marino, the patriarch of Grado, Lupus II, the patriarch of Aquileia, manages to reach a peace accord with Venice, represented by Doge Pietro III Candiano, but only under the condition that all the hostilities directed against Grado immediately stop and that the patriarch promises to inform Venice of any hostile plans directed against it.

Date
13th of March, 944
Place